10 spectacular sea forts
Unusual sea fortress in different parts of the world.
Fort Jefferson, Florida, United States
Fort Jefferson - the abandoned fort of the XIX century on the island of Garden Key, part of a group of islands of Dry Tortugas National Park in the Gulf of Mexico. Currently - tourist site. The fort is part of the National Park Dry Tortugas National Park. The fort is constantly live more rangers and volunteers.
The fortress on the island was founded in 1822, is a naval base was established which helped to fight piracy in the Caribbean. After years of planning, in 1847 it began the construction of a massive fortification hexagonal shape with 420 loopholes for heavy guns. Wall height above sea level is 15 meters, a fortress surrounded by a moat 23 meters wide.
Marine forts Maunsell
British Marine forts Maunsell, located at the mouth of the Thames, were built during the Second World War, but so far this place is a living legend.
The history of forts Maunsell is rich in unusual events, not all of which are associated with military events.
What is there just was not: the fortress became a stronghold of the pirate radio stations, and even the place of formation of the present micro-called Sealand.
No Mans Land Fort
An artificial island called No Mans Land Fort is located a mile from Portsmouth
On the island, which was built between 1861 and 1880, the fort housed 80 soldiers to protect the coast of Great Britain from attack by the French.
The foundation of the island is made up of huge granite blocks that were transported to the site by special barges. It was built complete with a lighthouse and a firing position for 49 guns. Fort about 200 meters in diameter and rises 18 meters above the sea.
Fort HM Fort Roughs, United Kingdom
It was built in 1942. It housed the gun and radar equipment.
Fort rests on two hollow columns.
Fort Murud-Janjira, India
Fort Murud-Janjira was founded in the XIII century Koli, or "The Fisher King", and gradually developed into a fortified castle. During the 200 years of Indian fishermen desperately fought with the Islamic invaders, but the fortress and did not take the fight, until the opponent has not applied the trick.
Alternatively, the inhabitants of India the legendary trick that allowed has not been known to capture Troy, or history teaches nothing but cunning Muslims pretended traders liquor. Drove some barrels of his soldiers, they waited until the Indian fishermen get drunk, and then captured a fortress.
The fort was fortified 19 bastions that have survived to the present day, as well as a variety of guns, which were not allowed close enough to the enemy.
Fort Pampus, Netherlands
Pampus - the ancient maritime fort, located on the island. In the XVII and XVIII centuries, its history is closely connected with the sailing ships of the famous East India Company. Picturesquely surrounded by the sea, this island, rugged maze of ancient catacombs, makes a strong impression on the tourists who have visited it.
Fort Boyard, France
Fort Boyard - stone fort, located on the Atlantic coast of France in the Strait Antiosh, between the islands of Ile d'Aix and Oléron. Construction began in 1801 and ended in 1857.
Since 1980, interest in the Fort Boyard TV shows. In particular, Philippe De Delevel leading the popular program "The hunt for the treasure", in one of the issues which the hero must find a snuffbox Napoleon, hidden in the Fort.
Fort Alexander, Russia
Fort erected in 1838-45 years. Fort built in the form of a "bean" size 90x60 meters, has 4 combat tier on which they can accommodate 137 pieces, and adapted to conduct circular defense.
Fort has never participated in the fighting, but made a big impression on the Allied squadron commander Admiral Nepira during the Crimean War.
In 1894, A. Yersenom was discovered the causative agent of plague. At the same time in Russia it was established "Special Committee for the Prevention of plague infection and to combat it in case of its occurrence in Russia" - KOMOCHUM.
Fort Alexander was an ideal place for the organization of plague laboratory - complete isolation and at the same time near the city. January 26, 1897 the fort was taken over by the Institute of Experimental Medicine.
Fort Louvois is familiar to anyone who has ever looked through "Fort Boyard" to the very end - that this fort for many years appears in the closing credits transfer. Fort Louvois project was proposed in 1690 by the Marquis de Louvois, who was then minister of war. According to the project two-storey fort with two towers have an oval shape. As the construction site was chosen bank Chapuis, and the fort was to be connected to the shore of the dam, which at low tide could serve as a fortress to deliver a variety of goods.
1929 Louvois fort received the status of a historical monument. Since 1972, the castle is open to visitors all comers from March to October (during high tide to the fort can be reached by boat from the port of ch arge Chapuis). The fort acts oyster museum and a permanent exhibition on the history of the fortress.
Fort Flakfortet, Denmark
Fort was in service from 1914 until 1968. In 1974 he was bought by a Swedish company, and on it built yachts and boats with accompanying infrastructure, fully preserving the historical appearance of the fort.