The whole truth about doping
Greek Olympics spawned the sport that we see today. Athletes of the past could not be in contact with each other before the event, so excludes contractual matches. But the victory could get in any way. This, in particular, says a professor at Pennsylvania State University, Charles Yazalis: first Olympians preparing the wine with special herbs, does not disdain to hallucinogens and sat on heavy meat diet - and in fact the meat in ancient Greece, usually served only once a month. Since then, it took a few thousand years, but the situation in the sport virtually unchanged. We'll tell you where it came the first doping as it developed and became a real scourge of modern athletes.
The Romans also went to any tricks to win. Gladiators took strychnine, have a stimulating effect in small doses. On the racing chariots, horses fluster alcoholic mead, trying to give them an extra swagger and combat anger. Sport there was virtually inseparable from military service, and the soldiers before the battles received special herbal teas whole cohorts.
Wine for athletes
But the real doctors turned already in the XIX century. While the European and American athletes are highly quoted so-called "Mariani wine" - a vigorous blend of Bordeaux with coca leaves. Coca itself and chemically made from her cocaine generally enjoyed enormous popularity among all segments of the population. The drug managed to remove fatigue, helping to overcome hunger and gave endurance.
The history of our civilization did not see pure sport - Charles Yazalis, a professor at Pennsylvania State University, Ph.D.
Vanguard in the difficult battle against doping acted Athletics Federation IAAF. In 1928, a set of rules for the first time it added a rather vague article, which prohibits the use of stimulants. However, she Box has been formulated so vaguely that, with due diligence, allows experienced coaches to find loopholes in the ban.
Doping in attack
Post-war years, from 1945 to 1967, were marked by an unprecedented rise in the use of stimulants in sport. In contrast to the legal commission of international sports associations have become increasingly active and more closely to develop effective control measures.
Echo of War
Armies of many countries in the world supported the morale of soldiers amphetamines, stimulants of the nervous system. US, Britain, Germany, Japan - during the Second World War, the production of this drug (rendered extremely detrimental effects on the body as a whole) were engaged at the state level. To the 50-th years of the substance it has become an integral part of the training the vast majority of athletes. Now that the drug destroys human completely banned almost all over the world, so it is difficult to even imagine.
How do I come up with anabolic steroids
American physician John Ziegler in 1954, met in the competition with his colleague-doctor monitors the status of the team from the Soviet Union. In the table-talk familiarly Soviet doctor shared his recipe for victory: it is an honest communist athletes, not sophistry, chopped honest as testosterone. Houses Ziegler did some experiments on himself - testosterone give good results, but instead a bunch of gifts to the patient's side effects. In an attempt to synthesize an analogue of a harmless American physician created the first anabolic steroid approved by the FDA. Ziegler regretted it for the rest.
I wish I could just pull out this page from the book of his life - John Ziegler, the inventor of steroids
The first death
Doping wave has risen to unprecedented heights and attacked the athletes unstoppable tsunami. 26 August 1968 Danish cyclist Knut Jenssen died right track, becoming the first victim of the sports promoters. Blood Knut found a fair amount of amphetamine. After 7 years, and there was a second death: Briton Tommy Simpson, drink the same amphetamine cognac, fell to the second stage of the Tour de France.
A new stage of
Finally, the number of dead athletes (as they may be considered by tens) made of the state of the planet to take stronger measures to combat stimulants. November 10, 1999 created WADA, World Anti-Doping Agency. Following the Olympic Games (Sydney, 2000) took place under the strict supervision of WADA. In a few years the chemist Don Catlin synthesizes the first test that can distinguish synthetic anabolic steroids.
The current situation
For a while it seemed as if the situation is resolved completely. However, already in 2012, the American Lance Armstrong stripped of all 7 wins in the previous race the Tour de France. The same year marked by our country: many athletes found in blood doping. Funny, but WADA was accused and the very IAAF - the association, once the first to ban the use of stimulants.