As farmers managed to trick King John
The story of how the farmer had left out in the cold of the King - one of the most popular stories of folk tales. According to legend, it was possible to make the residents of the village of Gotham in England - the one that nearly a millennium has given the world the name of the city where Batman is fighting with the evil.
The peasants against King John
Gotham was a nondescript village in central England near Nottingham. Its inhabitants peacefully engaged in agriculture, and the very name of the village in the translation of the Old English meant "goat's house."
The events described in the legend of "gotemskih wise men", took place at the beginning of the XIII century, during the reign of King John Lackland. In the history of the Crowned Englishman he came not only as a brother of King Richard the Lionheart, but also as the most incompetent rulers of the island, was confused during the reign of a lot of land and empty state coffers. Interestingly, the failure of John Lackland in the policy have put a shadow on his very name, and since neither John nor Jean English and French kings heirs named.
In the same part of the story as regards Wise Men of Gotham, King John distinguished himself as a hunter and explorer. He intended to arrange next to the Gotham City one of his residences, and for that pave the way for the state value. For a small and quiet village of worse news was to come up with - because the burden of road construction, as well as payment of taxes for the use of her bear a first on the villagers. And the content of the royal court promised to be wasteful and tedious. However, the main trouble was that the local population would be deprived of the right to freely hunt in their own forests. And then the residents of Gotham, do not dare to directly contradict the king, let the trick.
Arrived in Gotham Royal Envoy found that virtually all the villagers are busy strange and meaningless labor. In later English folklore collections are listed some of these classes. Gotemtsy "drowned" in the pond eel, to punish him for the fish eaten, dragged the cart on the barn roof to protect the building from the sun. Residents were climbing the hill to the cheese heads and let them roll the slope - so that they can quickly get to the market in Nottingham and independently sell yourself.
But someone erected a fence around the bush, on which sat a cuckoo, the summer is considered to be a symbol. When, in spite of the fence was built, she flew, gotemtsy decided the next year to build a fence higher, to prevent the winter come.
The trick worked. The ambassadors returned to John, with the message that all the inhabitants of Gotham subject to madness. In those days, mental illnesses were considered contagious, and the king decided to stay away from the quaint village.
However, throughout the reign of John Lackland he waited so many troubles - one only excommunication from the Catholic Church by Pope what it cost - that change of plans for the construction of one of the residences was even unpleasant, but still insignificant episode.
Stories, ridiculed the King John is believed to have appeared in response to the constant increase of taxes - during his reign, the king of any forces trying to pull more money out of the pockets of his subjects.
Gotham in folklore, literature and comics
Is it true that a small village managed to fool their ruler, or fiction, it is not known. But since that time and went to the legend of the cunning of Gotham, or, on the other hand - about gotemskih madmen, because the line between genius and insane behavior by calculation has been very thin. The word "Gotham" became a household word in the English language to describe the strange, foolish at first sight behavior. Gotemtsam by the same phrase is attributed to the fact that in their village passes much more fools than remain in it.
The first written form of the stories received in the XV century, when published a collection of mysteries Townley (Mysteries of Ueykfilda) - scenes of a religious nature, where, along with other subjects described and adventures in Gotham.
And in the middle of the XVI century in England already being sold booklet entitled "Merry history of gotemskih madmen", the texts of which have survived to the present day.
Washington Irving in his collection of satirical short stories titled "Salmagundi" called New York "contemporary Gotham", and since then the English village became popular, and the culmination of it was that name that in 1939 comic book author Bill Fischer gave the city of Batman - Gotham -City.
Gotham City and now hosts a variety of tourist attention which will offer, among other things, a fence around the bush cuckoo. In fact, the place has much more ancient history - in 1847 there were discovered burial Neolithic times. The wise men of Gotham were the heroes of folk songs, some of them not only survived to the present time, but also have been translated into other languages. "Three wise men" translated from English Marshak - a poem, and in the original - children's song, just for them, on the eccentrics, which "in a basin set off over the sea in a storm."
For the right to be considered a village or town "fools" in one of England fought several dozen settlements. Folklore in general has always been characteristic of the creation of such an image - not only on the islands of Albion.