10 mobile world events that we remember in 2016
The past year has been eventful in many different areas of our lives. Mobile technology has not become an exception: we have seen the rapid development of high-speed 4G and 4.5G networks, one of the first tried out the work of payment systems and Samsung Pay Apple Pay, we watched the takeoff and fall Samsung Galaxy Note 7, playing Pokemon Go and worried about the Lumia line and CyanogenMod project. In this article we will explain what the mobile world phenomena have been the most visible and remembered us in 2016.
Samsung Pay and Apple Pay: Russia - one of the first
Because of MST technology that emulates a card with a magnetic strip, pay with Samsung Pay is possible even through the older terminals.
Last year, in our country there were just two mobile payment systems: Samsung Pay and Apple Pay. Now, in order to pay for purchases, not necessarily carry with them not only cash, but even the bank card - the terminal is enough to make a smartphone or a smart watch and confirm the transaction password or fingerprint. Apple devices use NFC technology to make payments, the terminals from which the support is getting bigger every year. Samsung new smartphones work with MST technology that allows you to pay your phone on most of the older terminals. Special pride is the fact that while both payment systems are available in a very limited number of countries, and Russia got them one of the first.
The massive spread of LTE-A in Russia
LTE-Advanced and LTE-Advanced Pro bring not only high speed but also lower, up to 2 ms, a delay signal.
Another significant event for the name of our country - the beginning of the mass distribution of LTE-Advanced networks, which, in the opinion of IEEE, and should be called a "real" 4G. The first base station supporting this standard have appeared in Moscow before that, but the presence of LTE-A networks has increased markedly during the year 2016 and now use mobile Internet at speeds up to 300 Mbit / s is possible in about 30 regions of Russia. And at the end of the year, MTS launched the first in a number of cities in the network 4.5G LTE-Advanced Pro standard, which will be able to provide data rates up to an incredible 700 Mbit / s. The first devices with support for LTE-A Pro should be on the market only this year, but the operators have decided to prepare in advance, which can not but rejoice.
Xiaomi conquers Russian market
Xiaomi Company store in Moscow.
Known for superb balance of price and features, the company Xiaomi has become a real rarity not only Chinese, but also the global market. For a short time the manufacturer has achieved such success, which other companies were for years. The company has even managed to get their own philosophy, for which it is sometimes called "Chinese Apple's", and head of the company, Lei Jun, - "China's Steve Jobs." Capturing the market of China, Xiaomi is aimed at international expansion, and the first country in which the company started to sell smart phones officially became Russian. Now the corporation has four stores in Moscow, but in the future their number will certainly grow. We want to wish Xiaomi success in our country and low prices on smartphones.
Boom Pokemon GO
Pokemonomaniya encompassed all. Even Israeli President Reuven Rivlin caught monsters Meowth in his office.
Globally, the most notorious event was undoubtedly the release of Pokemon GO games. In a matter of days, the number of game settings from the Google Play has exceeded 10 million, although in reality this number should be much more: many people in unsupported countries to install applications on smartphones manually. For some time about the game we said and written so much that was released a few enhancements to the browser, hiding the news Pokemon GO. By the end of 2016 players in total took place a distance equal to 200000 Earth's equator, and catching pocket monsters, not only ordinary people but even the president. Now the boom is gradually came to nothing, but the game will long remain one of the most popular.
proliferation of mobile VR-technology
The most confidently settled VR-technology on mobile platforms.
About virtual reality has been long, but full VR-helmet still remains an expensive pleasure. Affordable alternative to helmets, which for the year is widely spread, have become virtual reality goggles for smartphones. Such devices can be both universal (think Google Cardboard), and offered to specific models of smartphones. Special helmets are such companies from the mobile equipment manufacturers such as Samsung (her sunglasses Gear VR have been designed in cooperation with Oculus) and Alcatel.
Issue modular smartphones
modules in smartphones from LG and Moto rather represent a sophisticated accessories.
For several years, we were promised, that is about to go on sale are smart phones, to improve the characteristics of which will be enough to buy a removable module. All this was accompanied by attractive rendered and detailed descriptions, but the release date is constantly postponed. In 2016 we saw the light just two such devices, LG G5 and Motorola Moto Z. Unfortunately, none of the devices are not embodied the original idea of "designer" when users buy only the bare skeleton, and then choose the required modules, including CPU and memory. Smartphones Motorola and LG ability to expand a gadget functionality, adding his powerful speakers, an extra battery or a high-quality DAC. The future of these technologies is not yet clear, and whether the company will continue to develop "modular" their devices, we will see in the near future.
The transition to 10-nanometer process technology
chips Samsung, made by the process rate of 10 nanometers, 27% more productive and 40% more energy efficient than the 14-nm.
Reduction process which determined by the resolution of the lithographic equipment has always been of increasing importance for mobile SoC, than desktop processors. Miniaturization of transistors on a chip can achieve not only higher performance processors at the expense of a more dense packing of computing elements, but also reduce the power consumption of chips. Now widespread 14-nanometer process technology, and at the end of 2016, Samsung released the first 10-nanometer processors on FinFET technology for Qualcomm. Will it be possible in future to reduce the manufacturing process, and for how long - is unclear, because at such a scale play an important role not only technological limitations, but also physical. The gate of the transistor can not consist of only a few silicon atoms - in this case guaranteed by the large leakage currents. In the next few years we will have the opportunity to keep track of any unusual technical solutions offer large companies to further improve the processors.
Review of the smartphone Samsung Galaxy Note 7
The desire to provide a smartphone capacious battery with the smallest thickness of the device has played havoc with Samsung.
Samsung Galaxy Note 5 became quite compromise the device, but because many are eagerly awaiting the release of the new generation of the most famous smartpeda - Galaxy Note 7. The demand for it was colossal, but from a desire to make the gadget manufacturer as thin as his body too much squeezed battery. In some cases, this could lead to the closure of the battery electrodes, which in turn - fire smartphone. After several attempts to solve the problem (first program, and then - the replacement of vehicles) Samsung is still decided on the complete withdrawal of all devices of this model. After that, according to web rumors that the company will close the line at all Galaxy Note, but, fortunately, they proved to be unfounded. This year we will see a new smartphone in the series. Hope will take into account that the manufacturer all the bugs and release a worthy flagship.
Termination Lumia sales
Even the Model 950C 20-megapixel camera, display, Quad HD, Continuum function and iris scanner could not save the brand Lumia.
Rumors about Samsung rejection of line Note remained only rumors, but other iconic series of smart phones is really going through a difficult time. We are talking about the brand Lumia, which has long belonged with Nokia, and was then transferred to Microsoft. The latest flagship smartphone from this series was Lumia 950 went on sale back in 2015. Since then, under this brand name, Microsoft released a couple of state employees, and a few days before the new year sales of smartphones on the official website and were stopped altogether. Future Lumia vague: their sales in recent years only to fall - it is possible that the line is actually closed.
Closing the CyanogenMod project
CyanogenMod many people know the blue robot, but the logo Lineage OS resembles crop circles that leave the alien ships in science fiction films.
Another news greatly impressed by the community at the end of December, the project came from the CyanogenMod team. CyanogenMod - a free operating system based on Android, which was developed in 2008. CyanogenMod originally appeared as an alternative firmware for a number of Android-devices, but has since developed and gadgets with other operating systems, including laptops. The project is now officially closed: 31 December 2016 all the online services and terminated CyanogenMod release of "night" of assemblies have been disabled. After a heated discussion of this news on the Web OS development team released a statement saying that the continuation of the CyanogenMod project will Lineage OS. However, they strongly emphasize that this is not a simple name change and rebranding. But what exactly is behind the news - is not yet clear, but the official website of Lineage OS is still very little information, although the developers promise to share the details of a new project in the near future. We hope that this is not the death of CM, but its revival in a new form. While we can only wait for the details of the development team, or continue to use based on CyanogenMod firmware enthusiasts.
The past year was rich in events - both positive and a little sad. We have tried to think and talk about the most iconic, who remembered us and our readers and had a great influence on the future of mobile electronics. We are confident that this year we are waiting for the rapid development of high-speed mobile networks, many even more interesting devices and convenient services. And some of the trends of the new year we have already been told. Write in the comments, what do you remember 2016? Text writer: Vladimir Terekhov