The largest submarine disaster
The idea of combat use of the underwater vessel was first proposed by Leonardo da Vinci. Subsequently, he has destroyed his project, because he feared the devastating effects of submarine warfare. The idea of combat use of the underwater vessel was popularized in the novel by Jules Verne's "20,000 Leagues Under the Sea," written in 1870. The novel describes the submarine "Nautilus", which rams and destroys surface ships.
Although the most important tactical features and advantages of the submarine - stealth, until 1944, all the sub most of the time spent on the surface and in fact were plunging boats - surface ships.
Today we remember the biggest disaster submarines, because sometimes these metal monsters go under the water forever ...
US Navy Submarine SS-109 (1927)
40 people were killed when the US submarine "SS-109" (USS S-4) sank after it rammed a US Coast Guard ship in Cape Cod.
Amazing fact: the submarine back in operation a year after the accident and has served actively until its write-off in 1936.
The Soviet submarine S-117 "Pike", 1952
"Y-117" - the Soviet diesel-electric submarine torpedo during the Second World War, belongs to the series V-bis of the draft ni - "Pike". June 10, 1949 renamed the "S-117".
By the early fifties, the C-117 was already not a new ship, but its tasks it performed successfully. In December 1952, in the Sea of Japan, "Pike" was supposed to take part in the exercises. On the way to the area of maneuvers its commander reported that because of the broken right diesel submarine is a designated point on one engine. A few hours later he reported the fault elimination. More Boat not communicate. The exact cause and place of death are unknown underwater ship. It is as if the disappeared.
On board the boat were 52 crew members, including 12 officers. The search for the C-117, carried out until 1953, yielded nothing. The cause and place of death of the boat is still unknown.
The submarine of the US Navy, "Thresher" 1963
American submarine sank during a training exercise near Cape Cod off the coast of Massachusetts, killing 129 crew members.
mechanical failure led to the fact that the boat sank rapidly and exploded. According to the findings investigated the death boat expert Rulom Bruce (Bruce Rule), the final destruction of the housing "Thrasher" occurred at the depth of 732 m, and took no more than 0.1 seconds. Its wreckage was found at a depth of over 2,500 meters. The hull was divided into six main parts - the nose section, sonar dome, cabin, tail section, the engine room, the Command Module, lying within a radius of 300 meters.
Photo vertical rudder "Thrasher", lying at the bottom:
The death of the Soviet submarine K-129, 1968
Diesel submarine of the Soviet Navy K-129, which was carrying, according to various estimates, between 96 and 98 crew members, went on combat duty in the North Pacific in February 1968.
8 March 1968 died diesel-electric missile submarine K-129 from the Pacific Fleet, equipped with nuclear warheads. The submarine patrolled near the Hawaiian Islands, and on March 8 stopped communicating. Aboard the K-129 were, according to various estimates, between 96 and 98 crew members, all of them were killed. Cause of the accident is unknown. With respect to this accident, there are a number of theories, including a collision with a certain American ship, but Washington has consistently denied it, and, according to the US Navy's official report, blame the death of the Soviet submarine was a "tragic explosion on board." Subsequently, K-129 and found the Americans in 1974 produced its rise.
The Soviets organized a search for the lost submarine, which did not produce results. Subsequently, the K-129 found the Americans, which organized its rise.
The submarine K-129 at the bottom:
When lifting the submarine broke in two, but several of its sections was able to deliver on one of the US Navy bases. During their inspection bodies of six Soviet submariners were found. Americans gave military honors to the dead, and buried the dead sailors at sea.
The American USS Scorpion (SSN-589), 1968
US Navy ship was laid on August 20, 1958. Boat sank May 21, 1968 at 740 km south-west of the Azores at a depth of 3000 meters, 5 days before returning to base in Norfolk. Killed 99 people.
Sunken boat were looking for 5 months, in search involved more than 60 ships, 30 aircraft. A week after the start of the search 100 miles from Norfolk was discovered by a German submarine sunk during the Second World War. The search for a long time were in vain.
the boat was soon found at a depth of 3047 meters and photographed the ship "Mizar". The reason death of the ship has not yet been established, the most likely version is considered to be a torpedo explosion. But there are other versions ... The US and Russia for almost 40 years by mutual agreement, carefully concealed the fact of the destruction of the US nuclear submarine "Scorpion" combat torpedo fired Soviet submarine, according to the author published in a new book by US investigative "Scorpion Down" military journalist Ed Offley.
Offley thus argues that the destruction of "Scorpion" was the "revenge" of Soviet submariners, who believed that the US was involved in the death of the Soviet submarine K-129, departed after an explosion on board to the bottom with all the crew of 98 people in the Pacific in March 1968.
The tragedy of 1968 were part of the submarine "intelligence war", many details of which are still classified, the author of the book.
A fragment of the hull. Visible deformation from excessive pressure:
K-8 Soviet submarine, 1970
Soviet nuclear submarine K-8 Project 627A "Kit" joined the Northern Fleet August 31, 1960.
Are on duty in the Mediterranean Sea submarine was sent to the area of the North Atlantic to participate in the largest in the history of the Soviet navy exercise "Ocean-70", which was attended by all the forces of the fleets of the USSR. Her task was to designation of submarine forces of the "enemy", to break through to the shores of the Soviet Union. Start the exercise scheduled for April 14, the end - to the 100th anniversary of Lenin's birthday - April 22, 1970.
The last hours of the life of the K-8 and part of her crew:
the K-8 died April 12, 1970 in the Bay of Biscay Atlantic Ocean as a result of a violent fire, which led to the loss of reserve buoyancy and longitudinal stability. The submarine sank at a depth of 4680 meters in 490 km north-west of Spain. Killed 52 crew members. Died, they could drown nuclear reactors. Monument to the crew of the K-8:
The death of K-8, and 52 crew members were the first loss of the Soviet nuclear fleet.
The nuclear submarine K-278 "Komsomolets", 1989
Soviet nuclear submarine third generation of K-278 "Komsomolets" was the only boat project 685 "fin". Boat belongs to an absolute record for immersion depth among submarines - 1027 meters (4 August 1985). Boat bow had six 533-mm torpedo tubes with a quick charging device. Each TA had autonomous pneumo shooting device. Shooting can be carried out at all depths of immersion.
The nuclear submarine K-278 "Komsomolets" died April 7, 1989 in the Norwegian Sea. The submarine was at a depth of 380 meters at a speed of 8 knots. As a result of a fire in the two adjoining compartments were destroyed system main ballast tanks, through which there boat seawater flooding. 42 people died, many from hypothermia.
Russian submarine "Kursk, 2000
K-141 "Kursk" - a Russian nuclear submarine missile-carrying cruiser 949A project "Antaeus." Laid on the "Sevmash" in 1990 put into operation December 30, 1994.
Russian submarine "Kursk" sank on August 12, 2000 at a depth of 108 meters during a naval exercise in the Barents Sea in the waters between Norway and Russia, once on board, there were two explosions caused by leakage of fuel torpedo engine.
Most of the 118 people on board were killed instantly. 23 people managed to get into the rear compartment, where it is expected when it comes help, but died of suffocation after a week after the start of the rescue operation. By the number of those killed in the accident was the second post-war history of Russian submarine fleet after the explosion of ammunition on the G-37.
All the stages of the operation to raise the "Kursk" were conducted throughout the year. It had involved about 120 companies from 20 countries. The cost of works is estimated at 65 - 130 million US dollars. The operation resulted in lifting "Kursk" were found and buried 115 bodies of the dead submariners. Three did not manage to find the bodies. With the bottom of the Barents Sea were evacuated potentially dangerous ammunition boats and two nuclear reactors
"It sank." This is the famous Putin's answer to the direct question on CNN's Larry King, "What happened to the Russian submarine" Kursk "?.
Chinese submarine "361 Minutes", 2003
The submarine was launched in 1995. Assigned to the Eastern Fleet Navy China
April 16, 2003 during a training exercise there was a breakdown of the diesel engine of the submarine "361 Minutes" when she was in the Bohai Bay in the Yellow Sea off the northeastern coast of China. Breakdown led to a sharp reduction of oxygen on board and strangulation of all 70 crew members.
It was the first time that China has promulgated the case of the death of its diesel-electric submarines underwater. According to the agency "Xinhua" on May 2, 2003, the boat was discovered by Chinese fishermen April 25, 2003, when they hooked her periscope networks. Later, the submarine was raised to the surface and towed.
The Argentine submarine "San Juan", 2017
Underwater Navy Argentina Boat "San Juan" stopped communicating on November 15 at the transition from the naval base of Ushuaia in Mar del Plata. At the time of last communication with the submarine reported the accident. On board were 44 people. 15 days after the disappearance of the submarine Navy Argentina reported that the operation to rescue the 44 crew members of the submarine "San Juan" stops, but will continue to search for the most submarines.
The captain of the missing submarine Argentina Navy "San Juan" promised his mother that it would be his last trip. And so it happened.
With regard to nuclear submarines, only from 1955 to 2017 8 nuclear submarines sank 4 Soviet, 2 Russian, 2 American. All of them were killed in various accidents: three - due to a technical fault, the two - as a result of fires, two - because of problems with weapons, the cause of death of one boat reliably known.