9 famous personalities who may have never existed
These nine names we hear at school, about these people wrote many literary works, removed a huge amount of movies. Therefore, we somehow never occurs to question the fact of their existence. And for good reason.
turns out that these figures are not that historical, but rather a collective image and almost fictional. References to their real life in historical documents there is little, and the question whether they are really lived in the past, the people still remains a subject of scientific debate.
From school, we learn by heart, that Homer, who lived in ancient Greece - the author of the epic poem "The Iliad" (the oldest monument of European literature) and "The Odyssey". It turns out that if he was a real person - a question that historians are fighting. Actually, is not known anything about the life and personality of the great poet - where he was born, the date of his birth (indicate several dates), in what year it was written works.
There is a version that the name Homer (according to one version, the name means "blind") composed and edited many generations of poets and writers, whose names have not been preserved.
One of the most beloved characters of the people for many centuries. This is understandable: Robin Hood, according to legend, he robbed the rich and gave to the poor everything. Key words "legend" - the name of Robin Hood figured in many literary works, the most popular of which used a version of Walter Scott. However, the identity of the prototype of ballads and legends is not certain. In the XII century the term was Robehod, but they all indiscriminately branded bandits. Apparently, the practice and ate a beautiful legend.
King Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table
The legend of King Arthur, Guinevere and beauty of true knights - one of the most romantic and beautiful legends of Britain. Historians agree that the prototype of the hero of legends, most likely existed; maybe there were even a few. But the image that we are used to because of popular culture, including cinema - with his beautiful wife, changed from Lancelot, and brave knights of the Round Table - existed only in the literary works of ancient times.
Curiously, Arthur - Breton hero (Celtic) epic and fought with the ancestors of today's British. Nevertheless, he is firmly entrenched in the English culture.
About the glorious fighter for freedom from the tyranny of the people we know in Switzerland thanks to works by Johann Schiller and Rossini. Many call it the move marksman and tell how he was forced to shoot from the crossbow in an apple on the head of his own young son. He even stands a monument in Altdorf. Only here the historicity of his personality is disputed, since, in addition to oral tradition, the other proofs of his life there.
For several decades after the huge success and the works of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's Sherlock Holmes it was believed that such a man really opened the mysterious crimes in Victorian England. Holmes, however, was completely invented, and the address on Baker Street at the time of writing, there were no stories. To create a series of works of detective Conan Doyle prompted familiarity with the doctor Joseph Bell, of Edinburgh, who was fond of chemistry and especially poisons. Bell was known for the ability to detail the nature of divine and human past.
Evidence of the existence of the great poet and playwright based on the mention of his name in historical documents. Doubts about the historicity of Shakespeare voiced mainly because there is no evidence of the child's education, and yet the vocabulary of the poet, judging by the works is between 17 500 to 29 000 words. Literary genius grew up in a family that did not know how to read and write, and daughters were illiterate Shakespeare. Also do not survive a single manuscript, written by Shakespeare's hand.
Proponents of this theory are inclined to believe that in the name of William Shakespeare hid a group of poets and writers who do not want to disclose their names.
The main source of information about the life and reign of Solomon - The Bible. He is credited with the possession of untold wealth, the highest wisdom and justice, as well as some magical qualities - understanding the language of animals, the power over the jinn.
The other is the direct historical evidence for the existence of Solomon found.
In the 50 years in the US and 90 in Russia no one in the head could not come, that the brutal cowboy with a beautiful story - fiction advertisers. Tobacco companies have come up with the most manly and harsh image to promote cigarettes with filter, which in those days were regarded as purely feminine. And for the Marlboro cowboy, do not hesitate to smoke such cigarettes in public, followed by others. Cigarette sales have soared. By the way, the four appeared in advertising "Marlborough" men died from lung cancer, including those due to smoking cigarettes "Marlboro".
During the First World War on the American propaganda posters depicted the harsh and strong elder Uncle Sam, who called for volunteers to join the army. I honestly do not know who thought that Uncle Sam really existed. We think everyone knew that on the posters depicted a collective image, which was previously used in the UK. A stern face Sam received from cartoonist James Montgomery Flagg, who created it in 1917.