Interesting facts about the Nobel Prize
• Interesting facts about the Nobel Prize
Even people far from science knows what the Nobel Prize. What can we say about the prestige of this award among scientists, writers, public figures. Its history dates back to the Nobel Prize in 1901. And, of course, during this period, there were many interesting cases related to its award, or non-delivery. In this review - the brightest ones.
"Well, is it possible to refuse the Nobel Prize ?!" - you ask. It is possible, and not always according to their own beliefs. This is what happened with our writer Boris Pasternak in 1958. It was then that the Nobel Committee has sent him the happy news of the award for his novel "Doctor Zhivago". To which the writer gave a response telegram: "Infinitely grateful, touched, proud, surprised, embarrassed." After this, the persecution of Pasternak from the CPSU Central Committee. In his own country, his life's work was considered to be anti-Soviet, and the recognition of his talent - a hostile attitude towards the state.
The attacks continued in newspaper articles, Pasternak was expelled from the Writers' Union, was removed from the repertoire of the theater play them all translated. The last straw in the cup was a demand to deprive him of his Soviet citizenship. All these circumstances have forced the writer to give up a well-deserved award. It is not only the rejection of Nobevskoy awards in the history of its existence. But this story is tragic for our country, because the writer did not live to see the happy moment of the restoration of justice. Diploma and medal were awarded to the son of the writer.
A happy return to
This story happened recently. It is connected with the great biologist James Watson and Russian businessman Alisher Usmanov. Watson and his colleagues received the Nobel Prize in 1962 for his discovery of DNA, the simulation of its molecular structure. It really was a revolution in the scientific world and contributed to the deciphering of the human genome. Recent years, scientists have been researching cancer and finding a cure for it.
After the cessation of payment of fees for textbooks, the only salary income remains. This is hardly the kind of money that will make research in this area. Close scientific activity, then give up the things of his life. Therefore, in 2014, Watson decides to sell his Nobel medal, despite the importance of this award for him. At the end of 2014 the lot put up for auction Christie's. And here is an anonymous buyer who spends nearly $ 5 million, it is something and gets a medal.
As the businessman said, learning about Watson's intention to sell its award and where to go the money, he had no doubt in his decision. After all, cancer claimed the life of his father, and this contribution is only a small part of what he can do in the fight against this disease.
The mysterious disappearance of
The fact that Hitler forbade German citizens received the Nobel Prize is widely known. This is due to the awarding of Carl von Ossietzky in 1935 for his criticism of Nazism. But talented scientists in Germany were many, awards and medals they received well-deserved. Among them physicists James Franck and Max von Laue. To protect their awards from confiscation, they transfer their deposit in the Niels Bohr Institute in Copenhagen. In 1940, Denmark was occupied by the Nazis. Scientists Awards were in danger, move them to another location in such a difficult time was not possible. He came to the aid of the Hungarian chemist George de Hevesy, who worked with Niels Bohr. He proposed the original idea of salvation medals - dissolve them in "aqua regia". "Aqua regia" - is a strong oxidant, a mixture of concentrate hydrochloric acid and nitric acid dissolves any metal, including gold - king metal (here from the name).
Trying to find the value of the Nazis were in vain. In this state medals survived the war, after which members of the Institute have identified the gold from the acid. From his new medals were cast in the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. And von Laue and Frank again became happy owners of such valuable awards survivors difficult times. So scientific ingenuity has helped to get out of a difficult situation.
The Nobel Prize is awarded each year. Who knows what other interesting facts connected with it, we will open. Wait and see!