The best examples of modernist architecture of the era in Russia
Buildings of this great architectural periods can be seen all over Russia, from St. Petersburg and Moscow to Vladivostok.
In the world of Russian architecture is primarily associated with constructivism. The main architectural achievements of the preceding period, from the late 19th to the early 20th century, associated with the French and Belgian Art Nouveau and the Vienna Secession. But in Russia there are no less outstanding examples of this style, known as the "Modern". Russia Beyond The company has selected 10 buildings of this great era, which are located in different parts of Russia
House Livchaka Ulyanovsk
Architect Fyodor Livchak built this house for his family in 1914. Giving free rein to his imagination, he designed everything, including the interior and furniture. The architecture combines the features of the European Art Nouveau - large windows in the shape of a horseshoe, arched porch supports and ceramic plates - with traditional ancient Russian elements.
Hotel Metropol in Moscow.
Contemporaries called the building "manifesto of the new style." Entrepreneur and philanthropist Savva Mamontov began construction, but soon went bankrupt, and therefore the building was more modest than originally planned.
Home "Singer" company in St. Petersburg
American Singer Company has constructed this building between 1902 and 1904, and it was supposed to serve as an office in Russia. The company planned to build a 11-storey building in the style of New York's skyscrapers, but in St. Petersburg was forbidden to erect buildings higher than the Winter Palace (23, 5 meters), which forces to amend the draft. Russian architect Paul Suzorye in charge of construction, has found an elegant solution - the six floors of the building does not exceed the maximum height, but the ethereal tower with a glass bowl on the corner creates a sense of movement in the sky. The building was the first business center in Russia with trading, bank and offices for rent. Architectural decoration combines the features of eclecticism and Art Nouveau. The building inherited strict granite veneer, bronze valkiriyskih virgins from the past, while the features of the new style of floral design include wrought-iron balconies and grilles, which are also repeated in the interior decoration.
House and Molchanov Savina in St. Petersburg
The house was built between 1905 and 1907 for Maria Savina, a famous actress of the Imperial Theaters, and her husband Anatoly Molchanov. Occupation hostess reflected in the interiors. Apart from the usual reception and accommodation facilities were also provided storage room for theatrical costumes and dressing room, while the stained glass window on the stairs and in the hallway shows the literary themes.
Forostovskogo Mansion in St. Petersburg
It was one of the first buildings of the city in a modern style. Carl Schmidt, a Russian architect of German origin, built a house in the years 1900-1901 for the merchant Forostovskogo Paul, who wanted to be in the building premises and offices, as well as warehouses for goods in the cellar.
The building of "Bank Rukavishnikova" in Nizhny Novgorod
The building was built Sergei Rukavishnikov, the most important dignitary of the city and it is not surprising that Rukavishnikov invited Fedor Shechtel, the most fashionable and expensive architect of the time, for their design.
Central Hotel, which stands on the site since the mid-19th century, was considered one of the best in the city and belonged Bogarsukovym brothers who were wealthy merchants. First floor of the building was given over to shops and hotel rooms were on the second floor.
Home Sharonov Taganrog.
This is another of the projects Fedor Shechtel outside Moscow. The building was commissioned in 1912 Taganrog Evgeny Sharonov landlord for his daughter Mary. This embodiment of the synthesis of all the arts, an idea that was popular in the early 20th century. The architecture is executed in pseudo-Russian style (including towers) and supplemented with ceramic panels.