At a depth of 600 km under the ground is the ocean
• At a depth of 600 km under the ground is the ocean
Under the crust there is a whole ocean - though, to see him have to dig 600 kilometers inland. Moreover, last year the scientific community of the underground ocean hypothesis considered untenable because of extreme heat inside the planet would have evaporated all the water. But now a new discovery shows that the water cycle on the planet is much more sophisticated, and it can affect the existence of the world as a whole.
The first assumption
Back in the early spring a group of Russian scientists make assumptions about the existence of an underground ocean, but real evidence emerged only recently. Most likely, there was an underground reservoir in the early stages of development of the planet.
In fact, water in the usual sense of the word can not be called a substance. Scientists have discovered a timber - a mineral with 79% consisting of water. But the existence of mantle brucite considered unlikely: once on the depth from the upper layers, it is all the calculations had to be decomposed into its component parts.
A new type of
It was found that the decay of the mineral forms a new, more stable form. This kind of brucite can withstand extremely high temperatures and enormous pressure. Computer simulations have shown that a new form of mineral water slowly returns from the depths of the earth to the surface, keeping the level of the ocean to the usual mark. However, at present scientists do not understand exactly how the water is returned - such schemes in the familiar universe simply does not exist.
Geologists can not even imagine how really large underground ocean. Provided that the mantle of the planet by only 3% consists of brucite, the ocean would cover the whole earth, and its depth will be a few kilometers. It is absolutely incredible in the current scientific paradigm phenomenon - with the same surprise, for example, scientists have greeted the news about the reality of the hollow Earth theory.